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Microcredential ID : 2641
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Cooperative Learning
Credits
0.5 USBE Credit

Description
This microcredential represents the effective use of cooperative learning structures or strategies that support learners in processing information. This includes learners interacting, talking about, making sense of, understanding, or reviewing information that has been presented.
How To Earn This Microcredential
To earn this 0.5 credit microcredential you will submit one type of evidence from the list below to demonstrate your successful implementation of information processing strategies and structures. You will also complete a short written or video reflective analysis. Click Earn This Microcredential to learn more!
Fees
If you submit this microcredential for review, you will be assessed an administrative fee of $20.00.
Clarifications
This microcredential represents much more than simply requiring students to do "group work" or sitting at tables. This microcredential focuses on educators' effective and and consistent use of strategies and structures that build trust, interdependence, and learner success.
Important Terms
Cooperative learning: students working together to accomplish shared learning goals with each student achieving their learning goal if and only if the other group members achieve theirs

Positive interdependence: individual achievement of goals if and only if the other group members achieve theirs

Individual accountability: each member is accountable for their own achievement and contribution

Structures: Kagan-designed learning experiences that maximize student interaction with each other and academic content; can be seen as a strategy
Background Scenario / How This Will Help You
In a high school chemistry class, Ms. Ali wants each student to have opportunities to process their learning by hearing their own learning aloud. At the end of a lesson she explains that to make sense and reason through their understandings they are going to participate in a Processing Information structure called Three-Step Interview. Ms. Ali provides the essential question for their learning outcome for the day. She then asks students to write a response of their sense-making and understandings. After a sufficient amount of time, students are asked to find a partner (not from their team) to conduct an interview. Student A interviews Student B by asking the essential question and follow-up questions like, "How do you know?", "Explain yourself.", "Please clarify your thinking to me." Then the partners switch roles, Student B interviews Student A. This process allows for each student to hear their own thinking and compare and contrast it to the thinking and sense-making of another student.
Evidence Options
Category: Preparation and Planning
Select ONE of the evidence options below to demonstrate your preparation and planning skills for using cooperative learning techniques to support learners' information processing.
Lesson Plan: Submit a lesson plan that you have used in your instruction. This lesson plan should demonstrate how you use cooperative learning structures with a clear and purposeful outcome of students interacting, talking about, making sense of, understanding, and/or reviewing information that has been presented.
Category: Implementation
Select ONE of the evidence options below to demonstrate your implementation of cooperative learning techniques to support learners' information processing.
Video: Submit a 5 - 10 minute video of your instruction demonstrating how you effectively organize students into groups with a clear and purposeful outcome of processing information through a cooperative learning structure. Be sure to follow your district/charter guidelines for student privacy.

Review Criteria
Criterion 1: The evidence demonstrates effective and efficient management and purposeful use of a highly structured cooperative learning structure or strategy to help students to interact, talk about, make sense of, understand, and/or review information that has been presented.

Criterion 2: The evidence demonstrates that the cooperative learning activity uses a structure to ensure positive interdependence, individual accountability, equal participation, and simultaneous interaction to help students achieve their learning goal of interacting, talking about, making sense of, understanding, and/or reviewing information that has been presented.
Reflection Prompts
Discuss the information processing structures you use consistently as a part of your practice, and how you use cooperative learning structures to facilitate learners interacting, talking about, making sense of, understanding, and/or reviewing information that has been presented.
Explain how learners benefit from your use of information processing cooperative learning structures.
Describe how you plan to strengthen or adapt your use of information processing cooperative learning structures in the future.

Review Criteria
Criterion 1: The educator reflects on the planning of type of processing information cooperative learning structure/strategy.

Criterion 2: The educator reflects on the processing information cooperative learning structure/strategy and how it helps students with interacting, talking about, making sense of, understanding, and/or reviewing information that has been presented.

Criterion 3: The educator reflects on the effectiveness and efficiency of the processing information cooperative learning structure/strategy and how to improve the implementation for the future.
Resources
Making Cooperative Learning Powerful--Robert Slavin
http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational-leadership/oct14/vol72/num02/Making-Cooperative-Learning-Powerful.aspx
This article, written by a seminal researcher of cooperative learning, describes the steps of implementation towards effective and efficient cooperative learning. This resource helps educators design cooperative learning activities to ensure positive interdependence, individual accountability, equal participation, and simultaneous participation.

60 Kagan Structures: More proven engagement strategies--by Dr. Spencer Kagan, Miguel Kagan, & Laurie Kagen
This book is the second in the Kagan series of cooperative learning structures. It describes It describes the rationale, research, and effective use and design of cooperative learning structures. It also is a resource to offer over 60 structures and provides the purpose and reasoning for when and why each structure could be used.

Kagan Cooperative Learning--by Dr. Spencer Kagan & Miguel Kagan
This book is the foundation for cooperative learning structures. It describes the rationale, research, and effective use and design of cooperative learning structures. It also is a resource to offer over 59 structures and provides the purpose and reasoning for when and why each structure could be used. Chapter 9 speaks specifically to class-building. Additionally, it provides more information on how to implement more classic styles of cooperative learning strategies that were not designed by the authors.

Cooperative Learning: Office of Research Education Consumer Guide
https://www2.ed.gov/pubs/OR/ConsumerGuides/cooplear.html
This resource is a brief overview of what cooperative learning is and why it is used. It provides the research behind cooperative learning. Additionally, it provides outside resource contacts to get more information.

Starting Point: Cooperative Learning
https://serc.carleton.edu/introgeo/cooperative/index.html
This resource provides the what, why, how, and techniques of cooperative learning. Additionally, it provides testimonials and videos of cooperative learning. Everything in this website is easily organized and provides additional resources for more study.

Starting Point: Group Processing
https://serc.carleton.edu/introgeo/cooperative/group-processing.html
This website provides structures and strategies to facilitate group information processing.

Arizona University: Cooperative Learning
https://cals.arizona.edu/classes/aed460/cooperative_learning_techniques.htm
This website has a descriptive list of a variety of processing information techniques.

Information Processing: Round Robin
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Armo8_pNH_g
This video explains how to use one processing information structure: Round Robin

Cal State: Cooperative Learning
https://web.calstatela.edu/faculty/jshindl/cm/cooplearning.htm
This website contains a planning guide to facilitate cooperative learning structures/strategies to ensure processing information.
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